The building industry is not great at accepting change and as Information Modeling makes its way onto the scene, people don’t realise this is a tool not only used in the design phase, but can be carried on to the construction and management phases of the project.
There are three main stages of a building construction and design project (design, construction and management) and describes how it is used within these phases as a Building Information Model (BIM), Building Assembly Model (BAM) and Building Optimize Operations Model (BOOM). The aim is to educate the reader on how to get the most out of a Building Information Model rather than just using it as a design tool.
An Information Model can prevent unforeseen complications, limit risks as well as speed up the total process and produce a quality product. This reinforces the theory that the more time and effort spent on the model in the beginning of the process, the greater the benefits in the later stages as both as a BAM and a BOOM. Through this dissertation it has been explained how Building Information Modeling is used and why it is so beneficial in each stage. It is also safe to say the more time, effort, detail and information put into the model at the beginning of the process as a Building Information Model the more it will pay off as it snowballs through its life as a Building Assembly Model and finally as a Building Operation Optimisation Model. Using the
Building Information Model method through the three key stages also creates a bridge between all the parties involved in the process creating a cohesive and team orientated project environment.
Building Information Models play a major role through the entire life of the building, from the conceptual design stage to the assembly of the building and finally in facilities management for maintenance and upkeep. These are the three main stages and uses for a Building Information Model what will be investigated, explained and compared to traditional method in order to outline how the building industry is not fully aware of a Building Information Models full potential:
- BIM: The Building Information Model used for design and concept phase which takes place in the architect’s office.
- BAM: The Building Information Model used by contractor’s onsite to assemble and create the building.
- BOOM: The Building Information Model used to maintain the building for its expected life cycle.
Using the model through the BIM, BAM and BOOM stages is the optimal way to get the most out of it, but the building design, construction and management industries aren’t fully aware of how exactly and what truly are the benefits
of this. It’s not only the use of the model throughout the process as a design and visual tool but it’s also a communication and collaboration tool. These days the industry suffers from the need to separate rather than the need to collaborate. This results in overlooked building information, risks and most importantly a lack of trust between the parties invoked in the three main stages of construction process. Putting a model through the three stages not only optimises the use of the model, but it allows it to act as a tool to bridge these gaps and create a more cohesive process of building design, building construction and building management.
According to the online survey (Appendix A) (Ferguson, 2011), Information Modeling is seen as a design tool and its use is maximised in the design phase. Question was asked ‘What do you see as the most beneficial stage where Building Information Modeling is used?’ 100% of people surveyed said that it was the design phase, 61% then went on to say that construction was more beneficial then management. This shows that the building industry understand that Building Information Modeling can be used in design, but doesn’t understand its full potential within construction and management.
The dissertation document [Link] explains how Building Information Modeling is used and why it is so beneficial in each stage of BIM BAM BOOM. It is also safe to say the more time, effort, detail and information put into the model at the beginning of the process as a Building Information Model the more it will pay off as it snowballs through its life as a Building Assembly Model and finally as a Building Operation Optimisation Model. Using the Building Information Model method through the three key stages also creates a bridge between all the parties involved in the process creating a cohesive and team orientated project environment.